What is Melasma / Hyper Pigmentation ??
Melasma, also known as chloasma, is a common skin condition that causes brown or grayish patches on the face, particularly on the cheeks, forehead, nose, and upper lip. It is more common in women than men and often occurs during pregnancy or while taking hormonal birth control pills. However, it can also affect men and women who are not on hormonal medications.
The exact cause of melasma is not known, but it is believed to be linked to hormonal changes, exposure to sunlight, and genetic factors. Some other factors that may trigger or worsen melasma include certain medications, thyroid problems, and skin irritation.
While there is no cure for melasma, there are several ways to manage and reduce the appearance of the patches. Here are some steps you can take:
Protect your skin from the sun by wearing a broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of at least 30 every day, even on cloudy days.
Wear protective clothing, such as a wide-brimmed hat and long-sleeved shirts, to shield your skin from the sun.
Avoid going out in the sun during peak hours, typically from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m.
Use gentle skincare products that do not irritate your skin such as The EnQ Skin Whitening Serum Specially made for the treatment of Melasma.
Try topical creams or serums that contain ingredients like hydroquinone, kojic acid, or azelaic acid. These can help lighten the patches over time.
It is important to note that while these steps can help manage melasma, it may take several months to see a noticeable difference. Be patient and consistent with your skincare routine, and always talk to your dermatologist before starting any new treatments.